Horvat Rimmon


Horvat Rimmon, or Khirbet um-er-Rummamim in Arabic (“ruin of the mother of the pomegranate”) is a site approximately 1 km south of Tell Halif. It lies on a knoll with gentle valleys surrounding it and a wide ridge running off to the northwest. In Byzantine times there was a Jewish village on this site. The most impressive building is still the synagogue, which must have once been very ornate, to judge by the intricate designs carved into stones still visible in the area. Other buildings and cellars have surrounded the synagogue. There are wine presses and cisterns on the hillsides. Graves dot the landscape. This Jewish village must have flourished during Byzantine times. Long after its demise Bedouin herders used the site up to the early 20th century, using the caves to keep their sheep and building animal enclosures out of the rocks of ancient buildings. The first picture shows of one of those carved stones.

The site was excavated in the 1980s by Amos Kloner. In particular, the extent of the synagogue was exposed (large building at center in above picture). It also became clear that the site was not occupied before the Hellenistic period. The door frames of many cellars, later used as caves for sheep are still standing.

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This entry was posted in Archaeology, artifacts, excavations, Judah, Tell Halif and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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