Author Archives: Tim Frank

Literary criticism and agendas

I have recently read an article that argues that we use too much masculine imagery when referring to God, in particular the term “Father”. Such an argument is often made and one of which few would not be aware of. … Continue reading

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Archaeological theory: post-processual and intepretive archaeology

Post-processual archaeology reacted against processual archaeology, not least because the assumption of the objective observer, who is not embedded in a culture and history, no longer seemed tenable. The explanations of the processualists in scientific language were seen not so … Continue reading

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Archaeological theory: processual archaeology

Processual archaeology developed earlier than evolutionary archaeology, but with the same goal of making archaeology more scientific. Even though it was in part a reaction against culture history, in practice the two were sometimes merged by describing the cultural systems … Continue reading

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Archaeological theory: progressive-evolutionary and scientific evolutionary

Addressing the question of culture change, the progressive-evolutionary approach interpreted archaeological data within schemes that have dominated much of anthropology. These schemes placed cultures on a scale of linear, progressive development from “primitive” to “sophisticated”, or “savage” to “civilized”, with … Continue reading

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Archaeological theory: culture history

The integration of archaeology and history has never been easy, especially as some of the main theoretical approaches to archaeology have been quite hostile to considering historiographical insights and linking their endeavour to the often messy task of history writing. … Continue reading

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More tannur baking

By now I get to build replicas of ancient tannur bread ovens quite frequently. After my previous attempts in Mississippi and Israel, I should be quite practiced with it. Nevertheless, I have to say that the tannur oven we built … Continue reading

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Determining use of artefacts

As part of my contribution to the book The Five-Minute Archaeologist in the Southern Levant I outlined in simple words some of my thoughts on determining the use of artefacts recovered in archaeological excavations. This is the central part of … Continue reading

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