Tag Archives: Customs

The Samaria ostraca and family relationships

The Samaria ostraca were found during the Harvard excavations at Samaria from 1908-1910. These potsherds with ink-writing were found in the courtyard of the palace. Sixty-seven had a readable inscription. It seems that they recorded some sort of tax or … Continue reading

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The tabun and its misidentification in the archaeological record

Recently the article The tabun and its misidentification in the archaeological record by Jennie Ebeling and M. Rogel was published in the journal Levant. It examines the current and past use of tabun bread ovens in the Levant. For a … Continue reading

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Baking in a tannur

After building a tannur, of course we had to try and bake in it. First of all, I fired the clay oven from the inside—maybe I should have also done it from the outside to really harden the clay. Then … Continue reading

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Agriculture in the Holy Land: Flax

As I was looking through the old photos of Cully A. Cobb, the founder of the Cobb Institute of Archaeology at Mississippi State University, I noticed these pictures of men busy with some sort of textiles. I could only conclude … Continue reading

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Life in the Holy Land: the Camel

It’s not certain when the camel was introduced to the land of Israel. It is, of course, mentioned in the Bible, and we see it depicted in the Lachish Reliefs. Gustaf Dalman mentions that the camel was first found in … Continue reading

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Agriculture in the Holy Land: Cattle

No, this picture was not taken in the Holy Land. I still need to enlarge my library somewhat. I took this picture in Liriuni, Bolivia, and shows a farmer coming home from the field with two cows at the end … Continue reading

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Agriculture in Palestine: making butter

Butter was considered the most valuable dairy product in Palestine. When it is salted and mixed with spices this butter keeps for several months and can also be used during the summer, when the animals give little milk. Gustaf Dalman … Continue reading

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