Category Archives: artifacts

Archaeological theory: processual archaeology

Processual archaeology developed earlier than evolutionary archaeology, but with the same goal of making archaeology more scientific. Even though it was in part a reaction against culture history, in practice the two were sometimes merged by describing the cultural systems … Continue reading

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Archaeological theory: progressive-evolutionary and scientific evolutionary

Addressing the question of culture change, the progressive-evolutionary approach interpreted archaeological data within schemes that have dominated much of anthropology. These schemes placed cultures on a scale of linear, progressive development from “primitive” to “sophisticated”, or “savage” to “civilized”, with … Continue reading

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Determining use of artefacts

As part of my contribution to the book The Five-Minute Archaeologist in the Southern Levant I outlined in simple words some of my thoughts on determining the use of artefacts recovered in archaeological excavations. This is the central part of … Continue reading

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Pottery reconstruction

While I was writing my dissertation I was wishing again and again that more archaeological excavations would restore pottery and give a detailed report on the pottery found. For only by restoring the pottery can we know how many vessels … Continue reading

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Persian figurines at Tell Halif

It was especially in Field IV, excavated from 1992 to 1999, that Persian figurines were found on Tell Halif. But throughout the excavations of Field V (2007 – 2015), we also regularly came across figurines. This year the Persian figurines … Continue reading

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Destroyed by war

I have written before about the signs of warfare at Tell Halif. In particular, the city that ended at the end of the 8th century BCE has not only signs of destruction by fire, but also quite a few remains … Continue reading

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Beauty among ashes

By now it is nothing unusual at Tell Halif to come down on floors with plenty of pottery remains. Only, this one was a few centimetres higher than we expected. We were quite excited when we found it, especially as … Continue reading

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